TSS

Il “Satellite appeso”  TSS-S è la fornitura italiana al programma americano Tethered Satellite System (TSS), nato nel 1967.

Il programma iniziò essenzialmente sulle idee dello scienziato spaziale Jerome Pearson, noto per i suoi lavori sugli ascensori spaziali, e proseguì  sul brevetto “Bepi” Colombo-Mario Grossi del 1978.

Primo lancio del  TSS avvenne nel 1967 con il Gemini XI; quelli in collaborazione con l’ Italia furono il primo con l’Atlantis nel 1992 (STS-46) ed il secondo nel 1996 con il Columbia, nel 1996 (STS-75).

Nel primo volo con l’Atlantis diverse anomalie, nel secondo, pieno successo prima che il satellite fosse ritirato e tagliato.

Le esperienze raccolte furono essenziali per le missioni americane NRO/NRL

 

 

The “Suspended Satellite” (TSS-S) is the Italian contribution to the American program called Tethered Satellite System (TSS), which originated in 1967.

The program was primarily based on the ideas of space scientist Jerome Pearson, renowned for his work on space elevators, and further developed based on the 1978 patent by “Bepi” Colombo-Mario Grossi.

The first launch of the TSS took place in 1967 with the Gemini XI mission. The collaborative missions with Italy included the first one with the Atlantis spacecraft in 1992 (STS-46) and the second one with the Columbia spacecraft in 1996 (STS-75).

During the first flight with Atlantis, several anomalies occurred, but the second mission was a complete success before the satellite was retrieved and severed.

The experiences gained from these missions were crucial for the American NRO/NRL missions.

The TSS-S project stands as an important Italian contribution to the field of space exploration and technology, demonstrating the fruitful collaboration between Italy and the United States in advancing scientific knowledge and space capabilities.

https://www.nro.gov/Portals/65/documents/news/press/1996/1996-08.pdf

https://planet4589.org/space/nro/poppy/index.html

https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jsts/26/1/26_1_2/_article/-char/ja/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344241859_Deep_Space_Propulsion_With_Electromagnetic_Tethers_-_A_Literature_Study

https://www.science.gov/topicpages/j/japanese+space+tether

https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/2109/2109.02623.pdf

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0094576520307967